'Liberal International' is a political international federation for liberal parties. Its headquarters are located at 1 Whitehall Place, London, SW1A 2HD within the National Liberal Club. It was founded in Oxford in 1947, and has become the pre-eminent network for liberal parties and for the strengthening of liberalism around the world. The Oxford Manifesto describes the basic political principles of the Liberal International.

== [edit]Aims==

'"to win general acceptance of Liberal principles which are international in their nature throughout the world, and to foster the growth of a free society based on personal liberty, personal responsibility and social justice, and to provide the means of co-operation and interchange of information between the member organisations, and between men and women of all countries who accept these principles."'

The Liberal International Constitution (2005) gives its purposes as

The principles that unite member parties from Africa, the Americas, Asia and Europe are: respect for human rights, free and fair elections and multiparty-democracy, social justice, tolerance, free market economy, free trade, environmental sustainability and a strong sense of international solidarity.

The aims of Liberal International are also set out in a series of seven manifestos, written between 1946 and 1997 and are furthered by a variety of bodies including a near yearly conference for liberal parties and individuals from around the world.[1]



The president of Liberal International is Hans van Baalen, leader of the delegation and spokesperson on foreign affairs and Defense for the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy in the European Parliament. Immediate past President is Lord Alderdice, a British Liberal Democrat peer who was leader of the Alliance Party of Northern Ireland. Other members of the bureau include Deputy President Juli Minoves Triquell, Vice Presidents Jelko Kacin, Dzhevdet Chakarov, Wolfgang Gerhardt, Cristian David, Hsiao Bi-khim, Robert Woodthorpe Browne, and treasurers Josep Soler and Silver Meikar. The secretary general is Emil Kirjas, a former president of the International Federation of Liberal Youth. Former Presidents of Liberal International include Dutch politician and former European Commissioner Frits Bolkestein and German politician Otto Graf Lambsdorff.


Liberal International has two main publications. The first, LI-news[2] is a weekly dossier of news items that are relevant to the organization's member parties or cooperating organizations. The second, Liberal Matters, is a magazine published several times a year highlighting a particular liberal theme.

[edit]The Oxford Manifesto

The Oxford Manifesto, drawn up in April 1947 by representatives from nineteen Liberal political parties at Wadham College in Oxford, led by Salvador de Madariaga, is a document which describes the basic political principles of the Liberal International.[3]The Oxford Manifesto was inspired by the ideas of Lord William Beveridge. It is regarded as one of the defining political documents of the twentieth century.

Fifty years on, in 1997, the Liberal International returned to Oxford, and issued a supplement to the original manifesto, called The Liberal Agenda for the 21st Century, describing Liberal policies in greater detail. The second Oxford Manifesto was adopted by the 48th Congress of Liberal International, which was held on 27–30 November 1997 in the Oxford Town Hall.[4]



Name Government Notes
Andorra Partit Liberal d'Andorra in opposition
Angola Partido Liberal Democrático in opposition
Austria Liberales Forum in opposition
Belgium Mouvement Réformateur junior party in government coalition
Belgium Vlaamse Liberalen en Democraten junior party in government coalition
Bulgaria Dvizhenie za prava i svobodi in opposition
Bulgaria Natsionalno dvizhenie za stabilnost i vazhod in opposition
Burkina Faso Alliance for Democracy and Federation-African Democratic Rally in opposition
Canada Liberal Party of Canada / Parti libéral du Canada in opposition
Canada Quebec Liberal Party / Parti libéral du Québec in government
Costa Rica Partido Movimiento Libertario in opposition
Côte d'Ivoire Rassemblement des Republicains in opposition
Croatia Hrvatska Socijalno Liberalna Stranka in opposition
Cuba Partido Liberal de Cuba in exile
Cuba Partido Solidaridad Democrática in exile
Cuba Unión Liberal Cubana in exile
Democratic Republic of the Congo Alliance Nationale des Démocrates pour la Reconstruction in opposition
Denmark Det Radikale Venstre in opposition
Denmark Venstre senior party in government coalition
Egypt Democratic Front Party in opposition
Equatorial Guinea Unión Democrática Nacional de Guinea Ecuatorial in opposition
Estonia Eesti Reformierakond senior party in government coalition
Finland Keskusta senior party in government coalition
Finland Svenska Folkpartiet junior party in government coalition
Germany Deutsche Gruppe der LI N/A
Germany Freie Demokratische Partei junior party in government coalition
Gibraltar Liberal Party in opposition
Honduras Partido Liberal in opposition
Hungary Szabad Demokraták Szövetsége in opposition
Iceland Framsóknarflokkurinn in opposition
Israel Israeli Liberal Group in opposition
Italy Radicali Italiani in opposition
Kosovo Partia Liberale e Kosoves in opposition
Latvia Latvijas Pirmā Partija/Latvijas Ceļš in opposition
Lithuania Liberal and Centre Union in opposition
Luxembourg Demokratesch Partei in opposition
Macedonia Liberalnо Demokratska Partija in opposition
Madagascar Movement for the Progress of Madagascar in opposition
Morocco Constitutional Union in opposition
Morocco Popular Movement junior party in government coalition
Netherlands Democraten 66 in opposition
Netherlands Volkspartij voor Vrijheid en Democratie senior party in government coalition
Norway Venstre in opposition
Peru Partido Justicia Nacional in opposition
Philippines Partido Liberal ng Pilipinas in government
Romania Partidul Naţional Liberal in opposition
Russia Yabloko in opposition
Senegal Parti Démocratique Sénégalais in government coalition
Slovenia Liberalna Demokracija Slovenije junior party in government coalition
South Africa Democratic Alliance in opposition
Spain Convergència Democràtica de Catalunya in opposition
Spain Unió Mallorquina in opposition
Sri Lanka Liberal Party in opposition
Sweden Folkpartiet liberalerna junior party in government coalition
Sweden Centerpartiet junior party in government coalition
Switzerland FDP.The Liberals in coalition cabinet
Taiwan Democratic Progressive Party in opposition
Tanzania Civic United Front in opposition
Thailand Democrat Party senior party in government coalition
Tunisia Social-Liberal Party in opposition
United Kingdom Alliance Party of Northern Ireland in power-sharing government in the Northern Ireland Assembly. In opposition in the House of Commons. .
United Kingdom Liberal International British Group N/A
United Kingdom Liberal Democrats junior party in government coalition

[edit]Full members

[edit]Observer partiesEdit

Country Name Government Notes
Argentina Recrear para el Crecimiento (Recrear) in opposition
Bosnia and Herzegovina Liberal Democratic Party in opposition
Brazil Brazilian Group of Liberal International in opposition
Burma National League for Democracy, Liberated Areas in opposition
Burundi Alliance Démocratique pour le Renouveau in opposition
Cambodia Sam Rainsy Party in opposition
Croatia Hrvatska narodna stranka – Liberalni Demokrati in opposition
Democratic Republic of the Congo Alliance pour le Renouveau du Congo in opposition
Democratic Republic of the Congo Union pour la Réconstruction du Congo in opposition
Egypt El Ghad in opposition
Georgia Republican Party of Georgia in opposition
Guatemala Movimiento Reformador in opposition
Guinea Union des Forces Républicaines in opposition
Isle of Man Liberal Vannin Party in opposition
Italy Gruppo italiano dell'Internazionale Liberale in opposition
Italy Federazione dei Liberali Italiani in opposition
Kenya Liberal Democratic Party of Kenya in opposition
Kosovo Samostalna Liberalna Stranka in opposition
Lithuania Naujoji sąjunga (socialliberalai) in opposition
Mali Citizens Party for the Renewal of Mali in opposition
Malaysia Parti Gerakan Rakyat Malaysia junior party in government coalition
Mexico Nueva Alianza in opposition
Moldova Partidul Alianţă Moldova Noastră junior party in government coalition
Mongolia Civil Will Party in opposition
Serbia Liberalno-demokratska partija in opposition
Singapore Singapore Democratic Party in opposition
Slovenia Zares junior party in government coalition

[edit]Cooperating organisationsEdit

  • Africa Liberal Network
  • Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE)
  • Council of Asian Liberals and Democrats
  • European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party
  • Friedrich Naumann Stiftung
  • Dr. Y. Foerder Foundation
  • Fondazione Libro Aperto
  • Fondazione Luigi Einaudi
  • International Federation of Liberal Youth (IFLRY)
  • International Network of Liberal Women
  • Liberal Democrat Group of the Council of Europe (LDR)
  • Liberal, Democratic and Reformers' Group (Council of Europe)
  • Swedish International Liberal Centre
  • Network of Arab Liberals (NAL)
  • Neue Zürcher Zeitung
  • National Democratic Institute, an organization with ties to the Democratic Party (United States), though government-sponsored through the National Endowment for Democracy
  • Red Liberal de América Latina

[edit]Liberal think tanks and foundationsEdit

The International is also in a loose association with the following organizations:
  • Liberales Institut (Switzerland)
  • Teldersstichting (Netherlands)
  • The Bertil Ohlin Institute (Sweden)
  • CentreForum (UK)